The popularity of swing increased as people invented new dances to complement it’s driving rhythm. There was very little work, especially for non-essential musicians. 10,748 listeners, Sax & Moryson Duke Ellington, Ben Pollack, Don Redman, and Fletcher Henderson were some of the more popular early big bands.
In United States v. Petrillo, 332 U.S. 1, S.Ct. 14,019 listeners, Sax & Moryson The jukebox changed the face of popular music by making new tunes available to all. The big band sounds of The Dorsey Brothers, Fletcher Henderson, Cab Calloway, The Casa Loma Orchestra, and Duke Ellington’s orchestra as well as the vocal styling of The Mills Brothers, the Andrew Sisters and The Boswell Sisters were all carefully arranged and the easy flowing style of the evolving jazz was becoming known as ‘Swing’. Another important consideration is that journalists and jazz fans of the 1930s and '40s drew distinctions between bands that conveyed the most hard-driving rhythmic qualities and frequent solo improvisations, and those that conveyed less pronounced swing feeling and improvisation.
Not all of them are "swing bands." The stations had engineered a way to profit from advertising, but not much, if any, or the revenue was getting back to the musicians. The AFM wanted higher royalty payments from the licensing organizations and when the record companies balked, union President, trumpeter James “Prexy” Petrillo, called a strike, demanding a portion of per-play royalties be returned, not to the musicians nor composers, but to the union for the benefit of out-of-work members and special projects. The headlines and reviews trumpeted the success of the Benny Goodman Big Band in California. The musician’s union, authors and composers began to question the free medium. They made their money playing for ballroom dance crowds and radio remote broadcasts into the early 1930s.
In 1933 RCA raised the bar again and introduced the model 77A cardioid pattern dual ribbon microphone. It became known as the “Golden Age Of Radio” with shows like “The Shadow,” “Amos & Andy,” “Tarzan,” “Fibber McGee And Molly,” and “The Lone Ranger”. For example, a singer, pianist and bass player can’t call the union and say “we need a guitarist, drummer and saxophone or we won’t play”. If you want to use any of this information: These questions and disagreements would fester and grow over the next 10 years. The music played there by “scab” musicians was combo style: typically piano, bass, drums and perhaps a saxophone. The latter were called "sweet bands" (e.g., Glenn Miller's, Wayne King's, Freddy Martin's, and Guy Lombardo's). Yet their legacy lives on and has seldom shone greater in recent years than on this "Big Band Box." Some user-contributed text on this page is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. The union, The “AF of M” (American Federation of Musicians), had the record labels and radio stations in a tough position. The terms jazz band, jazz ensemble, stage band, jazz orchestra, an…. Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The result was a greater need for recorded content.
There are two distinct periods in…, A big band is a type of musical ensemble associated with playing jazz music and which became popular during the Swing Era from the early 1930s until the late 1940s.
Curfews, blackouts and a 20% live entertainment tax (“Cabaret Tax”) had a serious impact on live music, closing clubs and dance halls across the country. When the kids heard the band launch into a hot swing number, they surged forward, crowding the bandstand and cheering.
While the Big Band Era suggests that big bands flourished for a short period, they have been a part of jazz music since their emergence in the 1920s when white concert bands adopted the rhythms and musical forms of small African-American jazz combos.
They were familiar with the music and eager to meet the band bringing them this new music. These records sold reasonably well. Benny Goodman’s Let’s Dance broadcasts first aired in December of 1934. Benny Goodman. Priorities evolve with the reality of need and the marketplace. Some of the most talented or well-connected players got jobs at radio studios or with some of the few dance orchestras able to stay together. The women had become accustomed to working, earning, participating and competing in the workplace. As a result only Soundies and Hollywood are exempted from the “no mechanical reproduction of any kind” order. Radio remotes regularly featured the new swing music and most all the major hotels in large cities had a “wire” (a line for broadcast transmission). If you would like to use content from this page, see our Terms of Usage policy. The terms jazz band, jazz ensemble, stage band, jazz orchestra, and dance band are also used to refer to this type of ensemble. What appeared to be the end of the tour for the Benny Goodman Big Band suddenly changed with the kids that night. Live radio broadcasts of music with the new microphones were nearly as good as disc recordings. Between rationing and wartime hardships, the average American had tightened their belt and given up a bit of their quality of life to benefit the war effort.
RCA Victor and Columbia counted on the support of the FCC and hoped for support from other government bodies as well. By 1935, the number of homes with radios was estimated at 23 million.
It was the only time in American musical history that the popularity of jazz eclipsed all other forms of music. The ballrooms and big dance halls that had closed stayed closed. Connect your Spotify account to your Last.fm account and scrobble everything you listen to, from any Spotify app on any device or platform. Who were the popular musicians, dressed in tuxedos, to reach for more money now? Swing was everywhere.
Special thanks to shaogo from “Recording Ban of 1942”.
With the decline of ballrooms, supper clubs and dance halls, small nightclubs sprung up. “Black Thursday” had occurred on October 24th, 1929 followed by the collapse of The New York Bank of the United States on December 11th, 1931. The trial was broadcast on network radio and the new format found an eager and appreciative audience.
America was still in the grips of a depression. All they seemed to say was it should go to the union.
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